Journal of History School

ISSN:1308-5298

The Roads Connecting the Coast Cities of Pontus to Inland Regions in Antiquity


The mountainous structure of Pontus, which is localized with the Eastern and Central Black Sea regions, had a negative impact on the transportation between the coastal areas and the inner regions in ancient times. Harsh winters and wild tribes living in high mountain ranges on the highway route threatened road safety. Until the Romans took over the region in 64 BC, the transport was mostly provided by sea. The imperialist structure of the Roman Empire and its efforts to secure the eastern border have paved the way for the importance of highways connecting the Black Sea coastal cities to the inner regions. During this period, new cities were established in the inner parts of Pontus, and the road construction activities linking these cities to the coastal ports have accelerated. The maps of the Roman period, such as Itinerarium Romana and Tabula Peutingeriana, and also data from surveys in the region have identified three main roads linking the coastal part of Pontus to the inner regions: Polemonium-Neocaesareai, Amisos-Amaseia and Trapezus-Satala. Apart from these main routes, it is known that there are used secondary roads at different times.


Keywords


Antiquity, Pontus, roads, Satala, Trapezus, trade

Author : Kamil DOĞANCI
Number of pages: 129-156
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/joh.30249
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Journal of History School
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