Journal of History School

ISSN:1308-5298

1919 Paris Conference and Armenians


The Ottoman State, which was together with Germany in World War I, fought on many fronts against the Allied Powers. After four years of war, the defeated state withdrew from the war by signing the Armistice of Mondros. The armistice, which contained extremely heavy provisions, was in the form of a surrender certificate rather than an armistice. When the armistice was examined, the idea was that the Ottoman Empire wanted to be left totally vulnerable in the face of a possible attack. After the signing of the armistice, the Allied Powers, who had taken troops to various regions of Istanbul and Anatolia, decided to convene a conference in Paris in order to achieve their original goals. The conference was planned to establish new states under the auspices of the great states in Anatolia and the division of lands belonging to the Ottoman Empire. At the conference, where Armenian demands were at the forefront, it was decided to establish a big Armenia, has a coast with the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. But the most important issue was the question of which Western state would be under the protection of this state. England and France insisted that America should be a mandatory state for Armenia, but worried about America’s Armenian claims. On the other hand, American public opinion could not be ignored. In this study, the Armenian claims and the approach of the great powers to the Armenians were tried to be conveyed during the Paris Conference.


Keywords


1919 Paris Conference, Ottoman Empire, Armenians, Mandatory

Author : Mahmut AKKOR
Number of pages: 942-964
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/joh.37382
Full text:
Journal of History School
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