Journal of History School

ISSN:1308-5298

The Conquest of Ganja by the Ottoman Armıes, and Its Mılıtary and Logıstıc Sıtuatıon (1723-1735)


Abstract Ganja has been established in the west of Azerbaijan from the right tributaries of the Kura River to the both sides of the Ganja River, and is the second largest city of Azerbaijan after Baku in terms of population in our day. Ganja is located on one of the important routes of the historical Silk Road which extends from China to Iran, Caucasus and Anatolia. As the commercial activities between Baku and Tbilisi have been conducted over Ganja and Ganja is located on an important crossing point between Iran and the Caucasus, military and strategic importance of Ganja has increased. For this reason, the region has witnessed the struggle of the great powers for sovereignty in the historical process. The cutthroat struggles between the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire, which aimed to dominate over the Caucasus, had continued in the16th and 17th centuries, and this situation had continued until the first half of the 18th century. After the internal disturbances in Iran and the attacks made by the Afghans in the east and the Russians in the north against Iran, a war has been declared against Iran during the reign of Sultan Ahmed III. In 1723, Iran’s territories in the Caucasus had been conquered by the Ottoman Empire. One of these territories was Ganja. Following the conquest of Ganja, many military classes were sent to the region. In addition, grain and ammunition needed by the Ottoman army in Ganja were brought to the region, and thus, it was tried to control the region against the Safavid armies. In this study, the Ottoman military classes sent to Ganja between 1723 and 1735 have been examined in detail through the available archival resources. Furthermore, the delivery of grain and ammunition provided to the Ottoman soldiers in Ganja has been examined, and relevant tables and graphics have been used to understand the issue better.


Keywords


Ganja, Janissary, Grain, Ammunition

Author : Uğur DEMLİKOĞLU
Number of pages: 1448-1479
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/joh.37605
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Journal of History School
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