The Chalcolithic Age is a period in Anatolia that can be traced between 6000-3000 BC. By word origin in Ancient Greek language; “Khalkos” means copper, “lithos” means stone. Thus, the meaning of the Chalcolithic word becomes copper stone. This name was given because of the use of mines as well as stone tools. Arslantepe has the most important place among the archaeological settlements in Malatya. There is an uninterrupted and chronological settlement in the Arslantepe in the Late Chalcolithic, First and Middle Bronze Ages and Iron Ages. Arslantepe archaeological finds indicate that settlement during this long period of time played an important role in the political life and cultural development of the region and was an important center. As a result of the excavations carried out in Arslantepe for more than fifty years, the cultural layers of Arslantepe have been revealed to a great extent by the Italian excavation team. The pottery of Ubaid and Halaf Period found during these studies show that Arslantepe was settled at least from the 6th millennium BC. Especially, a building in the 6A level(3350-3000 BC) makes Arslantepe very important because it is the oldest palace example discovered in the Near East. This structure is a large palace complex with temples, warehouses, administrative divisions, courtyards and corridors and covering almost for the mound. This structure is proof that Arslantepe has a very important place in Anatolian and Mesopotamian cultures in the Chalcolithic Age.
Malatya, Arslantepe, Chalcolithic, Halaf. Ubaid