An Assessment Related to the Labour Relations of Early Republican Period: Mosque Servants and Mosque Servant Charter
Early Republican period’s labour relations is a subject which is somehow generally not dwelled on. Yet, there were affiliated and independent workers in that period, as always were. When Unionists seized the power in 1908 and even before that, they had an ideal to form a national economy and bourgeoisie. This ideal maintained by getting stronger when they impressed the power indirectly or possessed the administration. However, things became inextricable for economically rundown Empire with the destruction of First World War. Eventually, Unionists left the homeland. The Republic which was established by the lead of Mustafa Kemal moved to break the country out of its iner and outer situation. There is no doubt that this salvation would not happen on the battlefield. At the same time, there was a need of founding a bankrupted country in every sense. For this purpose, lots of legal acts were promulgated. Most of these acts intended to ameliorate the fiscal situation and encouraging economic sector, along with being an interven or to the labour relations for the government. One of the codification brought on labour relations was Mosque Servant Charter which was consisted of 42 matters and putting in order with the presidency of Religious Affairs and by Directorate For Pious Foundations to regulate mosque servants’ legal status, duties and rights. This article aims to light the way for the regulations of working conditions of mosque servants on one hand and examine Mosque Servant Charter as an uninspected document that took its place in the labour relations history of Early Republican Period on the other.
Ottoman Empire, Early Republican Period, Labour Relations, Mosque Servant Charter.