Messages From a Letter: The Ottomans between the Byzantine Empire and the Mongols
The emergence of the Mongols meant the end of the Seljuks and the Abbasid Caliphate. For five centuries the Muslims as the sole determinant force of the Near East, suffered such a heavy blow that the Christian World, especially the Byzantine Empire gained a real hope from that situation. This inevitably led the Byzantine Empire becoming closer to the Mongols. But the actual developments of that time emerged a new power in the same geography which would later be called as the Ottomans. In this study, the hesitations of the Byzantine Empire over the foundation of the Ottoman Empire and the reflection of it to the Byzantine-Ilkhanid relations will be examined in related to a letter of that time and the adventures of an ambassador board

Mongols, Ottomans, Byzantine Empire, Othman Ghazi