About Religious Topics In Ottoman Manuscripts And Miniature Paintings In The Book Of Siyer-i Nebi
Miniature paintings are small-sized pictures that are depicted next to the text in manuscript books to make the topics more understandable. In Ottoman Miniature Art, many books are written and depicted in miniature painting form on various subjects. According to the research, the main of these subjects are history, literature, topography, landscape, cities, buildings, astrology, miniatures showing everyday life, and religious topics. Religious portrays occurs to be more valued among these subjects. Ottoman Miniature art has a wide range of topics. Some of the leading religious manuscripts are Zübdetü’t-Tevârih, considered to be a history book about Islam, Hadîkatü’s-Süedâ, in which the author Fuzûlî tells his great love for Ahl al-Bayt, and Siyer-i Nebî, a six volume book telling the story of Prophet Mohammad’s life from the beginning of his birth. Besides these works, some other books with miniature painting, like Ahvâl-ı Kıyamet and Falnâme also include depictions of fortune telling, apocalypse, heaven and hell. It can also be seen that fantastic creatures are portrayed in Ottoman miniature manuscripts. These fantastic miniatures appear in different stories from books about religion and astrology. Fantastic images in Ottoman painting art are formed and developed on the basis of multiculturalism The making of six volume book Siyer-i Nebi had been started in the era of Sultan Murad III yet was not completed in that time. After that, in the era of Sultan Mehmed III, the book was completed in 1595. Consisting of 814 miniature depictions, the book is such a good example of teamwork. Siyer-i Nebi is known to be the greatest work of Sultan Murad III era, who was interested in the art form of manuscript and also paid special attention to the making of this book. This work is also known for to be the greatest source with miniature depiction, telling the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from beginning to end. Miniatures depicting religious issues were made in the beginning of the time when Turkish manuscript painting started to reach classical style. The most important detail in the Siyer-i Nebi miniatures is the depiction of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) with a white veil over his face. In this study, it is aimed to analyze the composition framework of the depictions, subject, colors, and structural features of figures seen in Siyer-i Nebi.
Miniature, Classical Ottoman Art, Siyer-I Nebi, Manuscript, İslamic Art.