Abstract


From Classical To Modern: Poetry-Space Relationship In Arabic Poetry
In Arabic literature, space is attributed a special importance in both prose and poetry. Encompassing the human being, the space, especially in poetry, is transformed from being an area into an artistic arrangement with the symbolic expressions used by the poets, and conveys the poet’s feelings and thoughts as well as information about the social, cultural, philosophical and literary situation of the period in which he lived. Especially in the muallaqas poetry of ignorance period, the poets, who stood on the remains (ruins) and memorialise the past and the passing away lovers, also laid the foundation for a new tradition of poetry that would continue for centuries. The aforementioned tradition continued in the post-Islamic period, and it emerged in a different style in the modern period. While the spaces, which were subject to the poetry of the poets, were more real places in the classical period, it could also be transformed into an utopian space in the same period, for example in the poem of Al-Shanfara. In the post-Islamic period, this tradition has continued rather in the form of an artistic activity and mimicking the past; however, in the modern era, it has taken on a different content and symbolism over the concepts of the lost spaces, the lost homelands.

Keywords
Arabic poetry, muallaqas, ruin, space.