Abstract


New Evaluations on the Origin of the Holy Bull and Storm God Relationship in the Neolithic Period and Ancient History
It is thought that humankind has begun to relate to the bull in a more hunting gathering period. The bull, which gives fear to the man with its strength and the shape of its giant horns, is an extremely vital resource for humankind with its meat, horn, bone and skin. In this regard, it is quite natural that the bull symbolizes both power and fear and also fertility and abundance. Bull is a phenomenon involved in every part of human memory from Göbekli Tepe to Çatalhöyük from mythological tales to scriptures. The bull heads saved as a memory store in Çatalhöyük, the bull sacrificed to Tarhunza (God of the Storm) in the Hittites, and the bull god known as Apis in Egypt emerge as different reflections of the common human consciousness at different times. What is worried in this respect is that when the bull, which is both a frightening and useful figure, is started to be perceived as an esoteric or divine value. The bull mentioned in the legends of all Asian people from Anatolia to Sumer and even Turkistan mythology manifests itself also in Africa and Europe. In this study, some opinions will be put forward on how the bull has become a phenomenon for the ancient human by its theological, cultural and economic aspects. However, an interdisciplinary study has been carried out in consideration of biological, paleontological, theological and historical data.

Keywords
Aurochs, Bull, Çatalhöyük, God of the Storm, Hittite.