The Tradition of Mirror of Prince in Eastern and Western Cultures: Based on Example of Kutadgu Bilig by Yusuf Has Hacib and II Principe by MachiavelliThe Tradition of Mirror of Prince in Eastern and Western Cultures: Based on Example of Kutadgu Bilig by Yusuf Has Hacib and II Principe by Machiavel
In respect of their nature, literature, ideas, and works of art, in all its parts, reflect the cultures which they come out. In this study, with reference to two different philosophies, the sense of government/statesman in Yusuf Has Hacip’s Kutadgu Bilig and Italian political scientist Machiavelli’s Prince will be examined comparatively. Kutadgu Bilig is a book of advice and ethics. By all means considered as the first political treatise/mirror of prince in Turkish Literature, it is one of the most important sources of our cultural history which guides the ruler and show him how to govern. Thus, the ideas mentioned in Prince center upon, essentially, how a sultan/emperor can keep his reign and strengthen it further. According to Machiavelli, moral principles shoul surrender to the conditions and requirements of exeptions. Accordingly, to conserve the power of Sultan, one must not hesitate to do anything if needed. While Machiavelli says the Sultan should get his strength not from respect but from threat, he also advises him not to be hated. In these two works, it is identified that the advice to the Sultans is in fact the reflection of two different and incompatible worldviews. Based on these two work, it is revealed in the study that not only the state needs to be governed with morals, merit and virtue; but also power, strenght and absolute rulership sould be conserved at all costs.
Yusuf Has Hacip, Machiavelli, Kutadgu Bilig, Il Principe, Political Treatise/Mirror of Prince, Sulta