THE RISE OF AN ARTUQID CITY DUNEYSIR (KOCHISAR-KIZILTEPE) IN THE LIGHT OF THE SILVER COINS AND THE CONTEMPORARY WRITTEN SOURCES (12th-13th CENTURIES)
Throughout history some towns and cities have become important economic and socio-cultural centres because of the administrative and commercial developments in their regions, but this thriving and flourishing lifetime for them have lasted for a short period of time. Düneysir, today settled on 20 km south-eastern of Mardin and on the left bank of the River Zargan as a small town, was one of these cities. Not only the authors, who visited the town from the last quarter of the 12th century, witnessed its growth and development, but also the silver coins struck here in the first quarter of the 13th century revealed that Düneysir was one of the most important commercial centres at that time. It is also northworthy that they are the earliest silver dirhems produced by the Artuqid begs in the region. The purpose of this study is to show up the rapid growth of Düneysir in the late Medieval Age in the light of the contemporary written sources and coins.
Düneysir, Kızıltepe, silver coins, trade, culture.