Abstract


Civilization Critique of J. J. Rousseau
Rousseau criticizes the "civilized man" who has diverged from the natural state. Because in the natural state which he describes the man is free and in harmony. He does not possess such concepts as "good", "evil", "yours", "mine" or "competition". He does not encounter with other people, he leads an isolated life. His another noticeable characteristic is that since he does not engage in social relationships, he is not involved in the production activity as well. As a result, there is no accumulation and property owning in the natural state. After the beginning of agriculture and iron processing the concept of property ("mine") has been given voice to, and this has constituted the first step to the civilization. This development is also the first moment of the decadence process of the man. The potential faculty of the man in his natural state for "perfection" is the underlying cause of the decadence. This capacity enables the development of other faculties and thus constitutes the source of all calamities of the man. All "civilization" steps in the fields of science and arts are nothing but the stairs of the ladder of decadence.

Keywords
Civilization, Decadence, Property, Perfection, Competition.