The Judge Of Sivas Kutb Al Din Al-Shirazi Who Was Came To Anatolia After The Kösedag War And His Scientific Activities
Especially during the period of 1220-1230, the reign of the Soltan Alâeddin Keykubad, was the heyday of the Anatolian Seljuqis. During this period, Turkey was filled by scholars and umera who escaped from the Mongols. This case increased the scholarship activities to be carried out in the second half of the 13th century. After Ilkhanids won the Kosedag Battle in 1243, Anatolian Seljuqis fall into a decline and became a state which was no longer ruled by the sultans. It started to be managed indirectly by Ilkhanids. One of the Seljuqian emir, Muînüddin Pervâne's administration until the year 1277, which was affiliated to the Ilkhanids, provided a temporary peaceful atmosphere in Turkey.
Kutbuddin Es-Sirazhi, who came to Anatolia from Ilkhanid lands, attended to the course of Sadruddin Konevi and met his works and got hadith lessons from him. Sirazhi first gave lectures on religious and human sciences to students in Kayseri in “Pervane Medresesi” and “Sivas Gök Medresesi”. Sirazhi writed his first important and voluminous work Nihayetü’l-İdrâk fî Dirayeti’l-İdrâk in the “Gök Medrese” which is containing astronomical theories. Later on he writed Tuhfetü'ş-Şahiyye in the field of astronomy and Tuhfetü's-Sa'diyye in the field of medicine so he brought many important works to Anatolia. Sirazhi did another work in Anatolia. He traveled Anapotolian coasts for many years on the order of the Ilkhanid ruler Argun Khan, and drew a map of the Near East. Although the map does not reach the present day, Ihtîyârât-ı Muzafferî, which is an astronomical work and written in Persian language contains a part of it.
Turkey Seljuks, Muinuddin Parwana, Sivas, Blue Madrasa, Sadreddin al-Konawî