An Important Model For The Development Of Countryside In Turkey: State Hatcheries (1949-1960)
This study deals with the agricultural production activities of State Hatcheries (SPF) and their effects on economy in Turkey from 1949, when they were established, to 1960. The subject is limited to and addressed under the following two periods: the establishment and duties of the General Directorate of State Hatcheries (GDSH) (1949-1950) and the production activities of SPF (1950-1960). Evaluations on the agricultural activities of SPF and their contributions to economy have been made based on numeric data. The source material of the study consists of Republic archive documents and official publications such as proceedings of memorandum, laws, journals of official reports, official gazettes, statistical annuals, Ayın Tarihi journal (government’s dating publication), and articles from economy and agriculture magazines of the period. The relevant evaluations have been made considering the works performed by SPF within the context of agricultural sector and raising animals for breeding in Turkey in the relevant periods. The study has found out that as GDSH was set up in 1949 and then a land of approximately 3,385,000 decares was planted in 19 farms until 1960, hundreds of thousands of tons of cereals and cotton and corn of various amounts were cultivated, thereby supporting agricultural production. Besides, it made significant contributions to the national economy of the country by serving as a model to farmers in terms of seeds, animals for breeding, planting of saplings and seedlings, and agricultural pest control.
Key Words: State Hatcheries, Agriculture, Production, Seed, Breeding.