Abstract


Understandıng Contemporary Woman On Traıl Of The Past: A Comparative Study On Socio-Cultural Statuses Of Russian And Armenian Women
Formation of social status of contemporary woman is determined by certain viewpoints, concepts and practices which have been produced and developed by human communities from the very beginning of humanity. Being aware of inborn biological differences by itself does not help explain the present inequality and pave the way for humane practices of women. Meanings produced by humans played role on evolution of inborn differences into “inequality” which led to the formation of socio-cultural status of women. For a better understanding of today’s social women, we need to take a closer look at the formation process of concepts produced in the past. This study presents a comparative analysis of two geographically and socially different societies with similar religious beliefs and practices, the Russian and the Armenian societies, their viewpoints and practices towards women and womanhood throughout the 19th century. The study employs comparative survey model based on three variables, namely; marriage and status within the family, women’s participation in the social life and their educational backgrounds. An analysis of historical documents indicates that the two societies, despite various differences, developed similar viewpoints and attitudes toward women within a system of patriarchal way of thinking and social gender inequality.

Keywords
Armenian and Russian's Women in 19. Century