The Relatıonshıp Between Culture And Art, Cıvılızatıons And Cultural Herıtage In Anatolıa Wıth Tradtıonal Methods Of Turkısh Handcrafts, New Approaches In The Desıgn And Applıcatıon Of Leather
In the simplest terms, culture can be defined as a social heritage that has been transferred between generations. We are all born into values like education, science, production, tradition, art, which are inherited from our predecessors and reflect the essence of being a society. Every society has a cultural heritage, regardless of its level, including primitive communities. Culture covers all the practices of societies' daily lives. When we try to explain these everyday life practices with contemporary cultural concepts, we tend to focus on art in general. This orientation is a state of constant renewal of culture as meaning and symbol. At the same time, the universal dimension of art is the survival of the cultures and the transfer to their outside understanding. According to Williams, cultural elements require the reproduction of symbols and agreements such as “tradition”. It has to be renewed all the time. The danger is that these universal concepts are transformed into globalisation, and in every sense, continuous renewal and re-production has brought cultural consumption. According to Baudrillard, being universal is the state of extinction. In other words, every culture that evolves loses its freedom and dies. Taking these approaches into consideration, my first aim in my study is to examine and sample the visual-artistic cultural heritage left by the civilizations that lived in Anatolia and which have survived to the present day by using the universal dimension of art. And my second aim is to reinterpret the leather, which is an organic substance that has been used for different purposes in every field since the primitive societies, in its essence by adhering to the traditional methods of Turkish Handicrafts with new designs and practices.

Culture, Art, Anatolian Civilizations, Traditional Turkish Handicrafts, Leather