Women's Perception in Reconstruction of the Social Order of the Principate Period
The Roman Republic was modeled the patriarchal family of traditional Rome in its historical process from a small city state to a great empire. Father's authority was absolute on all family members under his protection. This absolute authority continued without losing any influence during both the Republican and Imperial periods of Rome. The father (Pater Familias), who was accepted as the head of the house, could sell his wife and children as slaves if he wanted to. The rights that given to the man was not only passivated the woman in the house but also determined the place of women in the Roman society. While the man was responsible for dealing with all the problems of his family members, he was expecting loyalty and efficiency from his wife.
The wars of Rome in the centuries led the empire reach its wide borders and at the same time it drives the empire in to a social collapse. In the last century of the republic, some intellectuals claimed that the reason for this collapse was the degeneration of the Roman family structure. In 29 BC, Augustus, who started the Principatus period in Rome, made a number of attempts to restructure Rome. Roman women also took part in the work of Augustus to restore the degenerated social order.
In this article, our aim is to identifying the issues related to women in the social arrangements of Rome during the Principatus Period.
Roman, Principatus Period, Roman Woman.