Abstract


Slaughterhouses in Ottoman According to Published Seyhulislam Fatwas and Istanbul Court Records
Throughout history, meat, one of the most important of the basic foodstuffs for humans, has become a food substance consumed in past societies as well as in today's societies. Cattle and sheep have been slaughtered in slaughter houses to meet people's need for meat, and by time slaughterhouses have been institutionalized and supervised much more. After Fatih Sultan Mehmet conquered Istanbul, slaughterhouses were built outside the city for the protection of human health and environmental cleanliness and forbade the slaughter of animals in the city. Slaughterhouses were dominated by judges and Ottoman constabulary (official for public order), but in time they emerged among the neighborhoods in contradiction to the law. This has led to environmental pollution and the spread of diseases such as plague and malaria. The public has reported their complaints to the muftis and courts besides the administrators. The aim of this study is to inform the slaughterhouses operating in the Ottoman period based on the printed Seyhulislams fetvas and the printed Istanbul courts records.

Keywords
Ottoman State, İstanbul, Slaughter House, Judge Records, Fetwas