The Role of Church In Wıtch Hunt Case in German Geography
The witch hunt, which is called "Hexenjagd" , "Hexenwahn” or "Hexenverfolgung" in German Literature, is the incident of killing innocent people who are believed to be witch in between the 15th and 18th centuries under the guidance of church. In witch hunt cases, the women, who are seen as the weakest link of society, announced as witches and afterwards the children also have their share of this slander. They were both exposed to torture. Some priests that were charged by the inquisition, played a major role in judging and burning the people at the stake. Further more, “Malleus Maleficarum” (Hexenhammer) written by two priests was the reference guide in concluding such cases. In this study, the role of church in the cases in point is tried to be quoted from especially German works and examples are given from German geography. Besides, it is emphasized that the place of terms “witch” and “witchcraft” in Old Testament and their effects on German language. Moreover, the study is supported by pictures and gravures. Lastly, as the cases will reveal the dark sides of the European history one more time, the detailed information of time, place and person are notably placed in the examples.

Witch Hunt, Malleus Maleficarum, Hexenhammer, Church, Inquisition