Early English Reformation and the Lollard Movement
This study discusses the impact of John Wycliff’s ideas and the Lollard movement, the followers of Wycliff, on the Britain and the Europe in general. After a brief introductory part, the first part of the paper gives a brief sketch of Wycliff’s life. The following section evaluates the development of the Lollard movement and Wycliff’s ideas. This section also evaluates how Wycliff’s ideas became popular in Oxford and how his ideas became widespread in the lesser aristocracy and the middle class in England. Then, the theological doctrines of the Lollards are investigated in detail. The following section evaluates the impact of the Lollard movement to the English society. This study suggests that although the ideas of John Wycliff were not accepted by the majority of the society and although the movement was prohibited by the political power in spite of the patronage of the higher aristocracy, the movement affected many parts of the English society from literature to the construction of the society even to the development of the reformation in the English society. In addition, the Lollard movement and the ideas of John Wycliff were not limited to England alone but Scotland and Eastern Europe were also affected. Hussites are the Eastern Europe’s counterparts of the Lollards.
Lollard Movement, English Reformation, Anglicanism