Abstract


Investıgatıon on The Effects of Nıetzsche and Heıdegger on German Fascısm
In the literature, fascism is especially important as an ideology which is studied through the example of German fascism. Analyzes taking into account different dynamics in order to explain the rise of fascism in German political history. In this study, it is aimed to make a limited examination with the philosophical roots of Nazi ideology. Fichte, Nietzsche and Heidegger were considered in the study of the philosophical background of fascism and the relationship between these philosophers and Nazism was explained. Fichte and Nietzsche's ideas that nourish Nazism were evaluated in terms of the features of fascism, Heidegger was examined after them. It was aimed to discuss the philosophical and historical roots of German fascism by analyzing the parallels between Heidegger's ideas and Hitler's ideas. In this context, it was proposed that Fichte and Nietzsche were thinkers who prepared and fed fascism, and Heidegger was a constructive and supportive philosopher of Nazism. In this article, the background of the concepts of German fascism is evaluated within the framework of German philosophy.

Keywords
Nazism, anti-Semitism, nationalism, German romanticism, organic state.