Pilgrimage of Mamluk Sultans
Worship of pilgrimage, which is defined as the right of Allah on people who can afford the journeyin the 97th verse of Surah of Ali-Imran, has been mentioned by the Prophet as one of the five pillars of Islam and advised to be performed without delay. Sultans, state governors, were not excluded from this worship which every Muslim is obliged to perform. However, in general, except for some of the rulers of states close to the Hejaz region, governors of Islamic / Turkish-Islamic states did not fulfil this worship for various reasons. For example; sultans of Great Seljuk Empire and Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate and rulers of the Ottoman Empire did not go on a pilgrimage to Mecca. However, Baybars, Muhammad b. Kalâvun, and Kayıtbay who were sultans of Egypt-based Mamluk State dominating the entire Middle East between 1250-1517 fulfilled the worship of pilgrimage and al-Malîk al-Ashraf Shaban lost his throne and was killed as a result of the revolt on his way to the pilgrimage. In this study, pilgrimages of the Mamluk sultans, whose names are mentioned, will be discussed in detail.
Pilgrimage, Mamluk, Baybars, Muhammad b. Kalavun, Kayıtbay