Abstract


The Crime of Adultery in the Ottoman Empire in the 19th Century: Some Adultery Cases and Imposed Penalties an Evaluation on the
The adultery, which is defined as a sexual relationship that is not seen as legitimate in the society, was considered a crime in the Ottoman Empire and punished. In the criminal law of Islam, hadd penalties for the crime of adultery, recm, sticks and exile penalties have been foreseen although, The Ottomans applied different penalties on adultery crime in accordance with the conditions of the epoch and the conception of law, fine was been one of them. In the 19th century, with the Tanzimat, new regulations were made in the field of jurisdiction as in all areas. The Criminal Code of 1858, after a few further additions to the criminal law, jail, shovel and pranga penalties has been applied. The different penalties imposed on some of the adulterous cases in the courts in the 19th century provide us with important information about how the judiciary and the law operate in the Ottoman Empire, as well as providing information about the morality of society.

Keywords
Adultery Crime, Punishment, Ottoman, Islam Law, Case