The Security Problem in Adiyaman in the 18th Century and Efforts to Provide Order
The problems of public order in the Ottoman Empire, which began to increase in the late 16th century and became a major problem for the state in 17th century, remained a major problem in the 18th century. As a result of the results of public order problems which emerged mostly due to economic, administrative and social reasons, the state causes weakening of the state in economic, administrative and social areas. The problems of public order which have negative features for states and societies appear as a big problem in Adıyaman in the 18th century. This study aimed to determine the problems of public order in Adıyaman in the 18th century and measures taken by the state against these problems. In Adıyaman, especially in the fisrt half of the 18th century, there were problems with public order due to reasons such as banditry movements, territorial disputes, water use disputes, and debts disputes. Tribes, interest groups, and some dynasties have played a major role in the problem of public order problems. Penalties such as execution, resettlement, deportation, imprisonment and contract have been imposed in order to terminate the public order and to ensure the order. However, in spite of the deterrent measures taken by the state, the desired result in public order problems has not been taken.
Public order, banditry, settlement, exile, imprisonment, Adiyaman