Basıc Level Turkısh Grammar Problems of Arab Students Who Have Educatıon in Turkey
Problems experienced at the basic level in foreign language learning affect the learning process to a great extent. Students who successfully complete this critical period have not difficulty in the following processes. The aim of this study is to determine and describe the basic level Turkish grammar problems of Arab students who have education in Turkey. In this study, phenomenological design is used. The study group consists of 23 Arab students who have completed Turkish basic level education in Adiyaman University TÖMER. The research process was conducted by the researchers and the interview technique was used to obtain data at the end of the process. In the analysis of the obtained data, content analysis was performed. At the end of the research, it was found that students experienced problems such as name case suffixes, noun phrase suffixes and use of past tenses. Based on these results, it is suggested to emphasize the practice activities which include four basic skills in order to change the rule memorization habits of students in studying grammatical rules and to give the grammatical rules in a functional way from the context of the text. Furthermore, considering the relationship between verb and complement, it is suggested to use methods and techniques such as educational game and drama for intuition and exploration in order for the student to discover the function of name case suffixes.
Turkish, Foreign Language, Arab Students, Grammar.