Abstract


The Dıscovery of Salvarsan and Neosalvarsan in The Treatment of Syphılıs and The Assessments of Some Ottoman Doctors About These Medıcınes
Syphilis is a bacterial infectious disease that has literally become the nightmare of societies for centuries. This dangerous sickness, which caused serious epidemics and deaths in Europe during the 15th century, appeared in Ottoman lands at the beginning of the 19th century and rapidly spread particularly after the Crimean War. The precautions which was taken by the Ottoman Empire in order to cease this spread failed. One of the reasons fort his failure lays in the lack of successful treatment method. Finally, the bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich, who succeeded in attracting the attention of the entire medical world to Germany, pioneered treatment with the medicine he discovered. This medicine was released in 1910 with the name Salvarsan and it was developed and renovated in 1912 under the name of Neosalvarsan. These medicines which was welcomed with great enthusiasm in medical world, was accepted as the most effective medicines to cure syphilis until the 1940s. However, some side effects have occurred over time and some Ottoman doctors who have tried the drugs on their patients have expressed their opinions about these side effects.

Keywords
Syphilis, Salvarsan, Osman Şerafettin Çelik, Cevdet Fuat Özyar, Rıza Nur