Abstract


Afghanıstan Expedıtıon of Brıtısh Army and Fırst Anglo-Afghan War
The British Government of India took a decision in 1838 to relinquish the Afghan ruler Dost Muhammad Khan, whom he claimed to be approaching Russia and Iran, and to return Shah Sjuha, the ex-emperor Shah, who was in exile, to the throne. In order to emphasize this determination, an agreement was signed between the parties with Sind's ruler Ranjit Singh and Shah Sjuha in Tripatrie. The armies of one of the British and allies shipped to Kabul via Peshawar-Jalalabad from the Bolan Pass through Kandahar-Ghaznah and the other through the Khyber Pass occupied Kabul in a short period of time. Dost Muhammad Khan was removed from power and in place of him Shah Sjuha who was under British patronage was throned. However the Afghan people who were not satisfied with the attitudes and behaviors of the occupation army in the neighboring provinces started a great struggle in a short period of time. National forces headed by Mohammad Akbar Khan, the son of Dost Mohammad Khan and the other important Serdars forced the army of the occupation to withdraw from Afghanistan giving them big casualties in a short time. The British army, which agreed to retreat, was virtually destroyed by the attacks of the tribes in the steep and narrow passages of Afghanistan. In this study, the causes and consequences of the British Afghan War that occurred between 1839-1842 were tried to be put forward.

Keywords
Afghanistan, First British-Afghan War, Dost Muhammad Khan , British Government of India, Lord Auckla