The Perception of Cinema in Early Modern Turkey in the Context of Journal of Perde ve Sahne (1941-1945)
The subject of this study is the perception of cinema in Early Republican Period of Turkey and ‘Perde ve Sahne’ which is one of the most important cinema and theatre reviews of 1940’s. And our main problematic is in which direction and to what extent the review was influenced by the common cinema perception of the period. In our study, first of all, we made an overall research of literature to determine the different dimensions of the mainstream approaches to cinema in 1940’s, and then, examined all the available copies of the review in this historical context. Perde ve Sahne, first of all, is the review of Muhsin Ertuğrul, the most important name in the field of theatre and cinema of that time. Even though Ertuğrul wasn’t a permanent writers of the review, his presence was always felt and he was always considered as an ‘elder brother’ in the review. On the other hand, as an editor-in-chief of a review of cinema and theatre, Ertugrul never interested with cinema but strove for theatre, specifically, for the development of theatre as an art in Turkey. For Ertuğrul the real art was theatre. It is also possible to observe the same approach to cinema in the dominant modernist paradigm of the period. Within this paradigm, compared to theatre and/or other ‘elite’ arts, cinema is perceived as ‘a popular art’, or just a kind of ‘popular entertainment’. Perde ve Sahne, which is the subject of our study was a reflection and at the same time a reproducer of this perception.
Perde ve Sahne, Early Republican Period, cinema