Abstract


The Aramaeans
Aramaeans, moving from the deserts of Arabia and North Syrian in the middle of the 12th century B.C., had played an important role in the history of the Ancient Near East, between about 1150-700 years B.C . Spanning throughout a wide area around the upper and middle sections of the Euphrates river, Aramaeans are a community of semi-nomadic Semitic origin, who came from Mesopotamia, Northern Syria and Southeastern Anatolia, and tried to be socially and politically organized as a tribal form of government. Bit-Adini, Bit-Zamani, Bit-Bahiani, Bit-Gabbar and Bit-Agusi are some of the major states which had been established as a result of Aramaean’s migrations. On the other hand, many large and small Aramaean states emerged as well. Assyrian sloged to cope with Aramaeans about whom we have information from Torah, Urartu and particularly the Assyrian sources, and they had been a great threat for Assyrian.

Keywords
Aramaean, Assyrian, Bet-Zammani, Bet-Adini, Sam'al