The Settlement Activities in Mush, Bitlis and Van in the Early Republic Period (1923-1938)
The most prominent feature of the nation-states is to build a homogeneous society by assimilating different languages, religions, cultures and ethnicities in one melting pot. The nation-states resort to a process of sorting, purification and homogenization which is known as dissimilation and assimilation policy. The Republic of Turkey which was established on the remainders of an Empire aimed to create such a homogeneous society by carrying out a dissimilation policy towards the non-Muslims on the one hand and an assimilation policy towards non-Turk Muslims on the other hand. One of the ways that the Kemalist Republic consulted to achieve this goal was to enforce the settlement policy. Undoubtedly, settlement policies were most widely implemented in the East and Southeast Anatolia where there was high density of the Kurdish population. The main purpose of the settlement policies in these regions was to turkify those people and to establish a territorial dominance there. This study focuses on the settlement policy implemented in Mush, Bitlis and Van investigating how some citizens both within the country and from abroad were settled in these provinces during the early Republic Period.
The Early Republican Period, Single-Party Period, Settlement Policies, Mush, Bitlis and Van.