Buhûrîzâde Mustafa Itrî’s Singing, Composing And Using Technique Of Turkish Music Maqams
Buhûrîzâde Mustafa Itrî, One of the most important composers of Turkish music, lived in the second semester of the XVII century and the first quarter of the century of XVIII century. During this period, Mevlevi Lodges functioned in duty of Turkish music conservatory. Itrî participated in Yenikapı Mevlevî Lodge near the house where he was born. He took music lessons from this Mevlevi Lodge in the period of the masters of music. These important masters is: Nasrullah Efendi, Koca Osman, Galatalı Osman Vehbi Çelebi and Derviş Ömer. In Salim'sTezkire, it has been rumored that he was so beatiful singer that nobody wanted to sing a song. He also has directed the musical Fasıl in Enderûn, performed fasıl’s singing and gave music lectures in here. In the history of Turkish music, he mainly has gained reputation it deserved with a composer Itri. We could reach 36 works in our research, Although Yılmaz Öztuna has said more than 2000 works, His works as Segah Tekbir and Salat-ı Ümmiye, being performed by all Muslims in the Islamic world, has added to his fame. he have used maqams at highest level in his works he composed in around 50 maqams that led to permanence of his works. According of maqam, melody, lyrics and rhythm he used in his era are seen in very few works. Buhûrizâde Mustafa Itrî's singing and composing has been studied by researching Turkish music sources in my article; however, using his techniques of Turkish maqams were examined by taking into account structure of maqam and rhythm.
Itrî, Turkish Music, Maqam, Composition.