Abstract


Strike of 1898 in The Sawdust City
The history of the growth of the city of Oshkosh, located in Wisconsin, United States, is the history of the rise of industry and, more directly, the rise of the lumber industry. It was center for wood and lumber industry at the end of nineteenth century with a population of about 28,000. For a long time, it had been known as “Sawdust City”, and seven lumber companies -Paine, Radford, Morgan, McMillen, Williamson-Libbey, Foster-Hafner, and Gould- had controlled the administrative power over the city. Originally, the lumber mills were erected to supply services and materials to local farmers trying to clear their land and build homes. During the 1890s, the companies imported cheap materials and employed women and children with a half wage rate men were paid. Men’s wage rate was about 90 cents for a 10-hour day. This situation had led to accuse Oshkosh of being the “slave wage capital of world”. Oshkosh strike which had started on May 16, 1898 and lasted for fourteen weeks, demanded that minimum daily wage rate should be 1.5 USD, women employment had to be terminated, unions should be recognized, and workers' wages should be paid on a weekly basis regularly.

Keywords
Oshkosh, Timber and Woodwork Industry, Strike, Wisconsin, USA.