Abstract


Balta Limanı Antlaşmasının Mehmet Ali Paşa Sorunu Sürecinde İngiltere-Osmanlı İlişkilerindeki Rolü
The Treaty of Balta Limani, signed between Britain and the Ottoman Empire in 1838, was one such pivotal and historic treaty. Both the British and the Ottomans were expecting different benefits from the same treaty. Through it, not only did some British merchants aspire to develop their commerce within the Levant, but also Palmerston planned to enhance diplomatic relations with the Ottomans, thereby easing anxiety over a perceived Russian threat to British international interests. Additionally, the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II hoped the treaty would help bring about an Anglo-Ottoman military alliance for the purpose of combating his biggest enemy Mehmet Ali Pasha, the governor of Egypt. Considering all these motives, proper evaluation of this treaty with all its diplomatic impacts is vital; however, no scholar has fully achieved this so far. The aim of this article is to analyse this treaty from two perspectives: the economic and the diplomatic.

Keywords
The Treaty of Balta Limani, Mahmud II, Anglo-Ottoman Relations, Mehmet Ali Problem, Ottoman Diplomac