Republican Romanticism in History Textbooks
TARİH DERS KİTAPLARINDA CUMHURİYET ROMANTİZMİ

Author : Ersin TOPÇU
Number of pages : 2261-2310

Abstract

Romanticism is a powerful trend that emerged in Europe at the end of the 18th century and affected many fields such as architecture, art and literature, as well as the science of history. Unlike the positivist perspective, romanticism sees the past as the work of human will and confronts the mind with an emotional perspective. In the romantic conception of history, the national and religious elements are more important than universal elements. The past is reconstructed with a nationalist point of view, aiming to make at the rising generation love their homeland, nation, history and to raise national consciousness. In this study, in which qualitative methods are preferred, it is aimed to determine how and how much the romantic trend reflected in history textbooks taught in primary, secondary and high schools since the first years of the Republic. For this purpose, the data obtained from those that can be accessed within the history textbooks taught between 1923-2019 were analyzed by content analysis. When we look at the findings obtained from the research, it was seen that the most intense romantic effect was during the early republican period when the new state had to write a new history for the public to accept itself. However, we can say that the effect, which decreased rapidly after the death of Atatürk, still continues to a small extent.

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