The children were seen as the guarantee of the family and the state's continuity based on the Turkish family structure in the Ottoman Empire. Therefore, the Ottoman Empire began to attach great importance to the protection of the family and children, in particular through innovative policies created recently. The Ottoman Empire focused on the social politics in the last periods, in particular during the reign of Abdulhamid II. The Ottoman Empire aided the military families upon their financial problems which were caused by the long wars. The only condition in order to take tev'em salary was to be in need of money. At his point, orphans and the wifes of soldiers who did not return from the war were in need of money. Also, there were poor families who had newborn twin children. All Ottoman subjects that have twins or triplets were financially supported by Tev'em salary. There were also various institutions and organizations to aid children. Thanks to the innovations made in the social fields during the reign of Abdülhamid II, in Tripoli and other Ottoman provinces, the Ottoman subjects that have twins and have insufficient income were supported financially. In this regard, one of these aids was Tev'em salary, which was the main subject of the study. This study deals with the social aid policy of the Ottoman Empire in the framework of the concept of welfare state based on the case of Tripoli.
Keywords: Ottoman, Tripoli, Tev'em (Twin), Salary.