Which could be considered as a political ceremony and was organized firstly during the 1908 elections, Ballot Box Convoy, organized at the two stage during the single party priod in Istanbul. The first stage was the process of the delivering or Nate ballot boxes in the election districts, by constituent and local administrators to the municipalities or district governerships, after the completion of the elections. And the second stage was the delivering the famous ballot box of the Second Constitutional Era, which produced by Ziya Bey, from the municipality to Darülfünun with participation of party representetives, bureaucrats, inspectors, military band or marching band, polices, municipal polices, scouts, students and citizens on the early hours of the electionday. Ballot Box Convoy, which was organized as a festival, depicts how voters claiming the ballot box and turning it to a carnaval. This study accept the Ballot Box Convoy in the context of political participation. In this context, the Ballot Box Convoy is considered as a colorfull but serves certain purposes activity as well. Thus, this study is trying to determine the role of the Ballot Box Convoy effect on the increase the political participation, the integration of the society with the regime and the ensuring the legitimacy during the single party period.