Journal of History School


The Historical Roots of Social Welfare and Social Work in the 12 Century’s Turkish-Islamic Society - The Case of Muzafereddin Gökbörü with Regard to Philanthropic Practices-

In this article the practices of helping to people and society or the oldest type of social work known as philanthrophy is argued. For the historical analysis of philanthropy, the 12th Century Turkish- Islamic society and Sultan of Erbil Muzafereddin Gökbörü selected. The main object of this study is to bring Muzaffer Gökbörü’s philanthropic practices into light in order to make a contribution of understanding historical roots of social welfare and social work. Erbil Atabeg earned reputation with Muzafereddin Gökbörü’s philanthropic practices and social services through his dominion. Even his reign’s land is small he still allocated great deal of resources to the social services. While practicing philanthropic help he didn’t discriminate poor or rich and helped to everybody. Besides, the historical documents show that he didn’t make any discrimination between religions. Some of the issues such as “breast milk” and “psychosocial dimension of illnesses and strengthening patients” which we recently realized the importance were acknowledged and used in the practice. All these indications show that his practices are very close to today’s modern and universal social work practices. Muzafereddin Gökbörü should be seen as a remarkable character in the social work history. So, this study suggests that it is very crucial to discover his philanthropic helping practices in depth and should be included by social work history.


Social Service, Medieval, Philanthropy and Muzafereddin Gökbörü

Author : Murat Gökhan DALYAN - Özge Özgür BAYIR
Number of pages: 1682-1695
Full text:
Journal of History School
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