Change and Transformation in Occupations in Industry 4.0 Process
DÖRDÜNCÜ SANAYİ DEVRİMİ (SANAYİ 4.0) İLE BİRLİKTE MESLEKLERDE OLASI DEĞİŞİM VE DÖNÜŞÜM

Author : Hanife AKGÜL - Zeynep AYER
Number of pages : 1326-1344

Summary

The concept of Industry 4.0 was used for the first time in 2011 in the conference called ‘industrial developments’ at the Hannover Fair held in Germany. Industry 4.0 refers to the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which is the final stage of the industrial revolutions that have been developing since the 18th century. From the First Industrial Revolution, all industrial revolutions have profoundly influenced all sectors and have led to fundamental innovations throughout the economy. The Fourth Industrial Revolution, which is being talked about today and is expected to cause fundamental changes in the economic, social and political lives of all societies soon after, will be effective in many different sectors from production to cognition, communication to education. It is expected that the cost of production will decrease significantly, productivity will increase and product and service quality will increase with the introduction of smart factories in the Industry 4.0 process. In addition, with the beginning of the Industry 4.0 process, some negative developments will be experienced in the economic, social and political fields, especially in the subject of employment. With the industrial 4.0 process, with the introduction of production based on artificial intelligence intelligent machines (cyber physical systems), it is foreseen that many existing professions will disappear and professions will continue to change and transform. In this study, it is aimed to analyze and analyze the change and transformation which is expected to be experienced in current professions with the Industry 4.0 process. Before the study; from the First Industrial Revolution to the present, the conditions that prepare the development of Industry 4.0 are examined. After, the professions in the economy are analyzed on a sectoral basis. Then, the factors affecting the choice of individuals are examined. Finally, in the process of Industry 4.0, research and editing are carried out in order to determine the qualifications of the work force to be employed in the new occupations that are expected to be changed and transformed. The literature review, description and editing methods were used in this study.

Keywords

Industry 4.0, Fourth Industrial Revolution, Transformation in Professions

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