The aim of this study is to examine the thoughts of 8th grade secondary school students on the concepts of “Sultanate, Republic and Secularism” through the metaphors they have developed. The “Phenomenology” pattern, one of the qualitative research patterns, has been used in the study. The study group of the study has consisted of 85 students studying at the 8th grade level of two different public schools in the center of Elazig in the academic year 2019-2020. It was ensured that the students’ participation in the study was voluntary-based. As the data collection tool in the study, “the student metaphors questionnaire for concepts” developed by the researcher was used. The data obtained from the study were classified through content analysis by the researcher in line with the expert opinion, and categories were created. Based on the findings, it was found that the students produced diverse metaphors for the concepts of “Sultanate” (f: 22), the concept of “Republic” (f: 18) and the concept of “Secularism” (f: 11). As a result of the analyses performed, it was revealed that the students had a negative perception for the concept of “sultanates and a positive perception for the concept of "republic". Nevertheless, it was found that the concept of “secularism” had an antagonistic perception in the students’ minds and some students refrained from expressing their thoughts on the concept.
Sultanate, Republic, Secularism, Student, Perception.