Caused by an infection of the intestine with the bacterium “Vibrio cholerae” Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness. Against Cholera, humankind has been quite helpless in history for a long time. Cholera outbreak/epidemic is among the most common outbreaks in history and has become a global threat since the beginning of the 19th century by taking many lives. There have been six major cholera outbreaks in the world in total, and the most massive cholera epidemic in the Ottoman Empire occurred during the Balkan Wars (1912-1913). This epidemic has caused significant losses in the Ottoman Empire. In this study, an essential resource of the cholera outbreak in the Ottoman state in 1910 will be introduced and presented to the information of historians. The aim of this is to ensure that this work, which describes the state of epidemics in historical periods, which is the world's number one issue today, is recognized by researchers and used as a source. This work, which covers all aspects of the cholera epidemic and its spread in the Ottoman State between 1908 and 1910, also contains critical information about the health organization of that period.
Cholera, Epidemic Disease, Ottoman State, Plague, Natural Disasters.