Until the 19th century the wealth of nations consists of natural sources such as silk, spices and salt; being close to trade route like the Silk Road, the Spice Road and having fertile soils. After this century the sources of nations’ wealth are the merchandises that produced with high technology in the factory. As a result of this, the bond of wealth with nature is broken. With this break, man has become alienated from the fact that he is a part of nature. Alienation has transcended nature and so cut off the connection between human beings. The conceptual name of this alienation is called capitalism, and its science is called economics. With the spread of capitalism, objections to capitalism have also started. The ideal of Kanaat economy of Mustafa Kutlu is an objection to capitalism from Anatolia as well. In this study, it is tried to explain Mustafa Kutlu’s ideal of Kanaat economy based on the story called ‘’Tarla Kuşunun Sesi’’. For this reason, first of all, the economic consepts such as property ,labor,capital,profit,rent,interest,market and price are explained in the context of their relations with capitalism. According to our observation, these consepts emerged from the economic life dominated by the capitalist mode of production. The story of Tarla Kuşunun Sesi tells an economic life dominated by agriculture. In order to overcome this contradiction, while explaining the economic concepts, we have also tried to clarify the mentality underlying the concepts. We have examined the story in the context of these economic consepts. As a result of our observation, the consepts of rent, interest and profit have no equivalent in the Kanaat economy. On the other hand, there is an obvious mentality difference in the consepts of property, labor, capital, market and price. Therefore, it is understood that the ideal of Kanaat economy is possible with a theory established from the ground up. In the conclusion part, a proposition that can be the basis for the ideal of Kanaat economy is presented with the help of these data.